Travel Clubs The Secret Travel Agents Don’t Want You To Know

It’s time to plan your next vacation. What do you do? Most people get on the Internet and search for deals using sites like Expedia, Travelocity, and Kayak. They find a package with the destination they want and a price that is lower than retail and buy it. Sure, they may shop around a bit, looking at individual flight and hotel costs or compare results from similar tools, but that is pretty much the long and short of vacation planning and procurement for most people. Does this sound like you? You aren’t alone. Do you think you are getting a great deal from sites like Hotwire and Cheap Flights? Most people do. Those sites are designed to make you think you are getting a steal of a deal and the very best in discount travel. But are you, really?

We say no.

So, how do you save money on vacation packages? The answer is by knowing the right way to travel. Join a travel club! A travel club is a group of individuals or business owners or business associated with the travel industry that advertise opportunities to travel using one of their packages at a deep discount. There is a range of packages and services available like all-inclusive packages, 5-star vacations, and car rentals. The businesses associated with this groups market exclusively to the members and create a fluid discount environment. Here are some of the advantages that membership in a travel club can provide:

Deeply Discounted or Wholesale Price. There’s always a benefit in group sales. Travel groups have access to deep discounts and wholesale prices because of the sheer volume they can bring to an establishment.
Free Trips. Many travel club membership fees come with free trips or ways to earn trips available to their members every year.
Socialization. Planning your travel is usually an individual process; however once you join a travel club you can talk with other members about travel destinations either in a forum or in an individual chat. Get a review of an island from someone you are associated with.
Access your own concierge. There are times when you really want to speak with someone when coordinating travel plans. Travel clubs offer access to your own concierge for moments just like those. You can also create a profile so that your interests are saved for easy access.
Reward Points. Some travel clubs offer a rewards program where you can earn reward points that can be used to pay for travel or excursions
Other Discounts. Membership definitely has its perks. By joining a travel club you gain access to discounts on shopping, excursions, amusement parks, restaurants, and a more.

There are several different types of travel clubs available, including women’s groups, singles, and over 55. There is a travel group out there for every income level, so anyone interested in traveling can find a like-minded group to join. If you love to travel, see the world without breaking the bank!

Different types of travel backpacks

Student travelers need a good backpack. If you are hiking and camping close to home or travel to other countries, this will be your true companion. Backpacks come in a variety of designs. Some of them are rolling backpacks, hiking backpacks, school bags, laptop backpacks, backpacks for kids, sports bags and many more. Backpacks with wheels are a convenient way to carry heavy objects as it can be rolled from one place to another with ease. Travel backpacks are branded bags with high quality features, including a large central compartment for storage and skate wheels for stable motion control.
Backpacks that are optimized for use by professional travelers regularly include a few extraordinary features common to most travel backpacks. This backpack has wheels and an extendable handle for easy transport on even airport floors. These rolling backpacks are designed to fit in the space allotted for the standard baggage, so travelers can pack in a hurry and do not need to check the baggage, which saves time and money. In some cases, this travel bag may include a chest strap and internal frame, for better weight distribution.
Some Backpacks are designed for leisure travel. Travel backpacks are available for almost every travel activity. Some are optimized for international professionals others are designed for certain types of outdoor activities such as hiking or canoeing. Special baggages are available for those traveling by boat or canoe. This package is manufactured to provide waterproof storage for goods during the canoeing. These packages are ideal for long walks as they are usually designed to hold a larger volume of material.
Travel backpacks also tend to comprise features like expansion zippers to open up extra space, made of fusion, Dobby, nylon and twill fabric, 1 side pocket for water bottle and another zip pocket for small accessories, organizers for keeping pens/visiting cards/pen drive /CDs, earphone access, two compartments for packing convenience, etc.
Keep your books organized and portable with sports backpacks. Parents of younger students will appreciate the selection of sports backpacks that reduce the strain of moving a massive load back and forth to school while, other students often use laptop compatible backpacks for their easiness. Thus, the bag which is most comfortable, is the preferred bag to buy.
While selecting a backpack, many of the kids first switch to the style and color of the backpack before functionality. Before you buy this striking travel backpack, consider the number of pockets the backpack has, the size and how comfortable the pack truly is, the material it is made from, etc.. Sports backpacks are always a popular choice for the youth who go for trekking. In the market, you have a wide range of backpacks. So you will always have a broad selection to choose. Thus, travel backpacks and sport backpacks are the most chosen and best to buy backpacks in the market.

Best Travel Destination For Amazing Holiday Trips

When you travel to Brazil there is a lot to expect in terms of scenery and culture and so it’s imperative that you choose a Brazil travel package that will take care of your interests. There are many sites that you would want to visit in your Brazil travel and below are some of them;

Rio de Janeiro

The city is commonly known as “Cidade Maravilhosa” or marvellous city. It has one of the most attractive settings in the world and is considered one of the must see sites in Brazil. Rio is located on the ocean front, is surrounded by luxuriant mountains and the beaches there are simply heavenly with clear azure skies. Also, beauty Rio has an amazingly lively nightlife where you get to learn samba and more as you interact with the locals. The tropical climate makes it ideal for visiting all yearround.

Also Rio hosts one of the new Seven Wonders of the World’s- the remarkable statue of Christ the Redeemer. Being one of the most vibrant economic and cultural cities in South America, Rio also plays host to the annual carnival which is arguably the world’s biggest festival each February. In this festival people get to party all night long to Samba and culture as bare bellied beauties dance the night away adorned in colourful sequins. Acrobats, dancers and musicians all congregate at the Sambodromo stadium to entertain the thousands of party lovers who come out to keep with the old tradition of the carnival with festivities beginning the Friday before ash Wednesday.

When planning your travel to Brazil one must have in your Brazil travel package itinerary is the grand Iguazu Falls. It is among South America’s most valued natural wonders. The falls contain more than 275 waterfalls which merge powerfully on the border of Brazil and Argentina. You can take a boat ride in the falls and head to the Argentine side at the heart of the majesty that is Iguazu falls.

Another fun place to visit in your Brazil tour is the country’s spectacular coastline as seen from the amazing sandy beaches in Buzios. Located a few hours north of Rio de Janeiro Buzios is home to the most spectacular beaches in Brazil.

In your Brazil travel packages you will also want to include a visit to Salvador de Bahia Brazil’s centre of the Afro Brazilian culture. Here you will experience immense cultural heritage and white sandy beaches. You also get to experience the verdant Amazon forest which boasts of a wealth in bio diversity in Manaus as you enjoy the flora and fauna of the land.

Expressing Your Personality Though Home Improvement

Home improvement through renovating and redecorating is one of the core preoccupations for most of the people and, currently, the Maryland home improvement market as well as Washington DC magazine offer a variety of materials and solutions.

House decorating is a perfect way to express your personal style and individuality. Although it can be a discouraging experience for some of us, it finally proves to be an experience requiring enthusiasm, time and money. A house should not be exclusively a functional area; it can be at the same time, an enjoyable, relaxing and battery-charging spot, reflecting aspects of our personality and sending messages to the entire world.
Abound
Nowadays, Maryland home improvement market thrives with goods for home and garden use, as well as with countless pieces of advice and information on decorating premises. This information might be accessed by reading books and the mass media, for instance Washington DC magazine, by watching TV programs or, last but not the least, by waving on the net, searching on specialized websites like welcomehomewashington.com. Still, despite so many informational sources, finding the proper decorating style or themes can be a difficult task.

Decorating activities are usually indispensable when moving into a new house, but they can be done whenever we feel like or we no longer like the old style. When decorating or redecorating a room, the leading question should be: what is the function of this area? One room should not be associated with one single function, one particular activity; it should also signal a certain emotional state. For instance, the main function of a dining room is, obviously, to provide enough space for people to gather around the table and eat. True indeed, but the secondary functionality of the same room would be to make the family members or the guests feel comfy and relaxed, generating pleasant conversations. Likewise, the function of a bedroom is to offer a place to rest, but at the same time, it could be a sanctuary of serenity, where people can relax, away from the daily hustle and bustle. Usually, the secondary function of a room may vary depending on its initial functionality.

When you made up your mind about the each room’s functionality, get to the next level: deciding for modeling or remodeling style, furniture and accessories. Visiting Maryland home improvement dedicated shops would be a start point and a very good method of discovering your preferences and personally testing different models. In order to fruitfully combine your personal style with the function of the room look through the decorating section of publications and magazines. One reliable and constant source of inspiration in terms of lifestyle and decorating fashion would be Washington DC magazine.

Normally, any person has an idea about the kind of interior design or furniture style she or he would like to have. But it rarely happens to know exactly, from the very beginning, how your home should look like. Sometimes, there might be two or more options to oscillate in between. At this point Washington DC magazine might be a real help providing pictures, interviews with architects and designers or celebrities and their houses. The moment you gather several design ideas, but you don’t have a clue on how to combine them in order to create a pleasant outlook and also a functional setting, it’s high time you get in touch with a Maryland home improvement designer. The designer will shape up your thoughts, creating a setting and an atmosphere as personal as you can describe them.

It’s very tempting to get along with the up-to-the-minute Maryland home improvement trends in terms of accessories and decorations or to apply all the tips and recommendations found in Washington DC magazine, but this predisposition will lead to frequent and expensive redecorating sessions. On Maryland home improvement market there are long-lasting home improvement trends, as well as short-lived home improvement trends, dying as quickly as a candle in the wind.

Information About Music Licensing Companies And How To License Music

Music is very important and is almost everywhere. It is found in movies, TV commercials, video games, websites, etc. It is there because music helps in conveying the purpose of the advertisement, movie or website. Music has the ability to express the special feelings or emotions. Therefore, people cannot even think of making a film, advertisement or create a website without music. As a result there has been huge demand for talented musicians throughout the world. However, it is essential to protect the originality of their music and hence it is important to license music with the Music Licensing Companies.

It is really important that these young talents should be very careful while taking initial steps of their career. They must license their music with the Music Licensing Companies. This is so because if your piece of music is not licensed anybody can copy your work and may claim that the work is theirs. However, if your music is licensed the Music Licensing Companies will safeguard your work and nobody can steal or copy your work. Actually, a music license acts as a copyright to the music created by you and nobody can touch it without your permission. A music license proves your ownership on the piece of music created by you. So it is important to license your music with the Music Licensing Companies. There are many Music Licensing Companies and you can also find information about such companies on the internet.

Music Licensing Companies are really beneficial every musician should license their music as they help to protect your music and will not allow anybody to even touch it. Besides this, Music Licensing Companies also provide exposure to the new talents and help the musicians and their piece of work among the listeners.

However, in the process of How to License Music it is important to do proper research and then choose one company where you get a profitable deal. There are actually many Music Licensing Companies and this makes How to License Music very challenging because it is not possible to go to each and every company and find out How to License Music. Therefore, in order to find out How to License Music it is essential for you to take advice from your family or friends who are interested in music and has complete knowledge about How to License Music.

However, if you are not satisfied with the information provided by them, then the best place to kook for information about How to License Music on the internet. One should be really careful while choosing a licensing company because due to large number of companies there is cut-throat competition among them. Hence, in order to find out How to License Music, it is essential to make a choice for a licensing company very carefully, it is better to go through maximum websites of these companies, gather all information and then decide the one which is providing the best offer.

Therefore, in order to get the best Music Licensing Company is really important to know How to license Music.

The Benefits Of Home Improvement Loans

A home is more than an investment, it is an asset. The equity that builds up in a home is something that can prove to be very useful. Additionally, home improvements can really help to build equity.

Most people seek out a home improvement loan to make improvements to their home to make it look better or improve upon it so they gain more equity. The most common source for these loans is a home equity loan.

Home improvement loans are looked upon very favorably by lenders. They like that a home owner is building equity in their home and they are often very willing to extend them credit. Home improvements are going to add value to the property, which is an asset for the lender as well. So, it is a win-win situation for both parties.

Getting a home improvement loan is a matter of having the equity on your home. To determine the equity you should get an appraisal. The equity will be the difference between what you owe on the mortgage and the amount the house was appraised for. You can borrow from that amount what you need for improvements.

When you go to get a home improvement loan it is helpful to have the information handy about what improvements you are going to do. Being able to completely explain what you will do with the money can be very helpful in getting the loan approved for the amount you want.

As with any loan, you will need to watch the interest rates and ensure you are not being charged too much. Remember this loan is in addition to the loan you are already paying for your home. With this loan, like with your mortgage, should you default your home is at risk.

Your home improvement loan can be gotten from your current lender or you can shop around for better rates. It is probably best to start with your current lender since you already have a relationship with them and they are most likely to give you a quick approval. It is wise though to at least look at competitors to make sure you get the lowest interest rate possible.

You should also try and speak to a number of decent brokers that have a wide range of lenders on their panel. This way they can go into the market and find you the most suitable loan product and best rate.

Also if you have a bad credit history or are self employed they will be able to go to specialist lenders that are not directly available to the general public.

Home improvement loans can be used to make almost any improvement to your home. If you need the money to fix up your home or if you are just wanting to make some additions, a home improvement loan can be the answer.

Besides helping to build more equity in your home, home improvement can also help to lower your insurance rates, and improve your living conditions. In the long run a home improvement loan can be very beneficial and is a great debt to take on.

Barcelona Transportation Best Ways for Tourists to Get Around Barcelona

Barcelona is a huge Catalan city, but the most modern and extensive public transportation system allows you to get anywhere within the city in little or no time. Trams, buses and metros run very frequently, until late at night. Apart from that, there are several funiculars, cable cars, railways, taxis, sightseeing buses, local trains, night buses and other transportation systems in Barcelona. The options for your Barcelona public transportation include metro, bus, and tram. Each has its own advantages and is a very economical way to see the city. The benefit of Barcelona bus or tram transportation is, of course, being able to see Barcelona as you ride past it. It is a great way to scan neighborhoods for caf�s and shops very quickly.

Barcelona has an extensive subway system that covers the entire metro area. Almost all stations are well-lit, clean, and easy to access. All the metro stations are well-marked and also if you ask a passing local, they generally will direct you to the entrance. The Barcelona metro transportation is clean, well-maintained, air-conditioned and economical. Metro stops normally have two entrances and it will help you know the direction you have to head in, after exiting the train. Here are a few economical transportation options for tourists to get around Barcelona.

Barcelona Travel Cards

The Barcelona Card is the most economical and ideal way to access public transportation. Apart from offering a convenient access to the Barcelona transportation system, it gives free admissions to 26 attractions. It even allows discounts for over further 75 museums, leisure activities, cultural institutions, pubs, shops, and restaurants. With this Barcelona card, you are free to use public transportation, i.e. urban buses and metros, trains, trams, and the Montju�c Funicular and FGC in zone 1. Barcelona transportation in zone 1 covers all of the city’s major attractions. It also gives a free train ride and free use of bus from the airport into the Barcelona center and back. You will be provided with a booklet with metro plan, city map, and brief descriptions of the institutions where you can get discounts. These booklets come in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish and Catalan. You can purchase the Barcelona card for 2, 3, 4 or 5 consecutive days. There are also special discounts for children. This card is certainly the best option to access Public transportation in Barcelona.

Barcelona T10 Ticket

The T10 ticket for Zone 1 is another type of Barcelona transportation card which you can purchase at the entrance to any metro station. Unlike the Barcelona Card a T10 pass will only entitle you to 10 journeys on the FGC (FGC run train lines similar to the metro around the city center), buses, metro, tram and RENFE all Zone 1 areas. All of Barcelona’s major attractions fall within the Zone 1 area. It is also possible to buy a T10 to access Barcelona public transportation in each of the other 6 zones; however, to see most of the Barcelona city center and attractions you only need a zone 1 T10 pass. A T10 ticket costs only �10.30 and will save you the time and money by buying individual tickets for each of your journeys on Barcelona public transport. A Barcelona T10 ticket is valid indefinitely within a calendar year and can be shared with other visitors. You can buy a T10 from the Airport at the entrance to the RENFE train and from any metro stop. Please note that the zone 1 T10 is valid for journeys on all Barcelona Public transportation system.

Apart from these cards to access the Barcelona public transportation in Barcelona, the other Barcelona transportation includes taxis, cruise ships and cable cars, etc. Though these are not very pricey, the cheapest and best options for tourists to access Barcelona transportation are the Barcelona card and T10 pass.

Get Creative To Find Music Production Jobs

So you’ve got that degree in Music Production – but after months of scouring the want ads, you’re beginning to wonder if you shouldn’t have backed it up with a minor in Education. Don’t despair yet – you’re a creative person or you wouldn’t have chosen this business to begin with. The secret to finding and getting music production jobs is to use some of that creativity in your job search.

There are three things to keep in mind when doing a creative job search for music production jobs:

1. As many as 90% of the jobs in any media occupation never get advertised through regular channels. The music production companies get enough over the transom resumes that they can pick and choose without advertising.

2. In many music production jobs, networking will be a key part of your job description. If you can’t network to get a job, you’ll have a hard time convincing a hiring manager that you can do the job.

3. Sometimes the best way to get your foot in the door is to intern for a music production company. According to a recent survey conducted by CareerExposure, 94% of employers have offered a full time job to interns when their internship was finished.

Keeping those three things in mind, you can put together a creative music productions job search that will land you the position that you want using the following blueprint.

1. Do your homework. You should know the music production jobs that you’re going after inside out. Read up on the web, visit the library and bookstores and find out all that you can.

2. Start applying your networking skills. Make a list of people you know who may be able to help you. Don’t forget to include people like your ex-teachers, business acquaintances and people you know through other people. Did you do sound levels for a band? Have you interned for a publisher? Have you got a chance to attend a media symposium? Those are all important contacts for you when you’re trying to network your way into music production jobs.

Boldness is an important skill to cultivate here. Ask for letters of introduction, or for permission to use someone’s name when you contact another. It’s amazing how quickly you’ll get results with a simple statement like, “Hi, Mr. Producer, my name is Interested Party. My professor, Ms. In-The-Know suggested that I call you when I told her that I’m interested in an internship with your company. Do you have a few moments to talk with me about that now, or is there a better time to call you?”

3. All right, you’re not quite that bold? There are several different methods of approach you can use to contact people who hold the keys to music production jobs.

– Mail is the most traditional method. Once you’ve researched enough to know what companies you want to work for, and who makes hiring decisions there, you can mail a resume along with an excellent cover letter. Chances are though, that you’ll have to follow up on your initial mail. Remember point #1 above – music production companies get loads of over the transom resumes.

– Email is a second option, and is a reasonable way to follow up as well. If you’ve sent your resume by mail, wait a few days and then follow up with an email to the hiring manager stating that you’re following up on your mailed resume and are very interested in discussing possible career options within his or her company. If you haven’t, send a cover letter and resume via email, and follow up in a few days with a second email.

– Telephone calls may be scary, but they are one of the quickest ways to get through to the person you want to speak with. Keep in mind that your phone call is an interruption to the hiring manager’s day – be pleasant, be brief and be direct.

The secret to finding and getting music production jobs is being bold enough to get yourself out there and sell your skills and abilities. With only 10% of the available jobs ever being offered openly in the classifieds, it’s the only way that you’ll ever know what music production jobs are available.

Tourist Etiquette in Bangkok – What Tourists Should Know About Bangkok

While Bangkok is now known as a global city that seems to be a world within itself, with Westerners travelling in and out of the place everyday, still it is in Thailand. Notwithstanding the hordes of westerners, known as “farang” in Thai language, that have made the city as their permanent residence, it is still best to remember that the place thrives in its own culture and etiquette. In fact, Thai culture has a rather particular appreciation for proper etiquette, and Thai people, who are characteristically good-natured and welcoming to foreigners, are too polite to point out when you are being offensive to them. That said, it is well to remember the following key etiquette points when you are on your Bangkok tour:

Smiles
Smile is known as a cultural habit in Thailand, earning the kingdom the title of “The Land of Smiles”. Smile being a universal language, you can take it to your advantage when in Bangkok. So when you are in doubt, smile!

Wai
The wai is one of the most important of thai customs. It is a form of greeting made by bowing slightly while having the palms of your hands pressed together. Status plays an important role in Thai culture, and as regards wai, one is expected to offer it only to those who are on the same or greater level of social standing. Foreigners, however, are not expected to initiate a wai, but they can best return one by using the strangers’ wai, where hands are placed roughly at the center of the chest. Make you hand motions smooth and graceful, beginning from your sides and slowly moving them upwards until pressed together close to your chest, and bow slightly.

Keeping Cool
Thai people will do their best to avoid conflict even in the most heated of situations, choosing to walk away and take a moment to calm down rather than lose their cool. The Thai cultural temperament is best summed up in the expression “Mai pen rai”, which translates “Don’t worry, no worries, never mind”. So,showing anger in public is a big no.

The head
Thai tradition considers the head as sacred, and this is as much true in Bangkok as anywhere else in Thailand. So it is not okay to touch the someone’s head, or to pass something over it.

Feet and Shoes
The feet are seen in Thailand as an unholy part of the human body. Accordingly, the feet should never ever be used to point or to move any object. It should never be used, too, to touch people, nor should one make any gesture with it. Soles should never be shown, and in temples, the feet should never be pointed towards any buddha images.

On the other hand, always remember that the owner of any home you might happen to visit would expect you to leave your shoes at the door. You have to take your shoes off before entering and the same rule goes for most establishments such as massage parlors and stores. Look for a shoe rack located near the entrance, but if you are a bit clueless about where to leave your shoes, follow the lead of patrons who are ahead of you. That way, you will be sure about what to do.

PDA
It is Thai custom to avoid touching one another in public, unless they come from the same family or are otherwise very close friends. Accordingly, even Thai couples avoid public displays of affection, not even touching hands when in public. Touching someone of the opposite sex is also a big no, even if you are friends with each other. The same thing goes true for lovers.

Dress
Most Thai people are conservative with regards to clothing, and is best to avoid dress that shows too much skin, especially so when you are going to sacred places such as temples. In Bangkok, skirts and shorts are generally considered to be fine for women but they should not expose their shoulders and cleavage. On the other hand, men should never remove shirts when in public, unless they are on the beach.

Photographs
While you are indeed having fun exploring as much as possible with your Bangkok tour package, remember that you should never ever take peoples’ photographs without asking for permission first. Ask yourself, would you ever want your photograph taken by a stranger without your knowledge? It is rude. It is never worth it if a photograph will make anyone feel like an object of a show.

Temples
Temples, particularly Wat Phra Kaew and Wat Rachabhophit, enforce strict dress codes. Arms and legs must be properly covered, and monks are not to be touched. As already mentioned above, shoes must be taken off prior to entry, and the feet should never be used to to point to or touch any religious object. Be careful and observe what Thai visitors do so you will have a clue of the proper thing to do.

The Royal Family
Thai law requires paying respects to the Royal family. At all public places or establishments, everyone is expected to stop whatever they are doing and stand up whenever the Thai national anthem or the Song for His Majesty the King is being played. It is against the law to damage or draw on his picture.

While reveling on your Bangkok tour, it is best to use your best judgement and follow the lead of the locals, but the tips given above will be noteworthy to remember.

Hiring A Minibus Is Ideal When Travelling In Groups

If you only have about three or four people travelling together, using your own car is probably the most convenient option. When you are going out with a larger group, this is not always the best option, because you will all be travelling in separate vehicles. If this is the case, and you want to enjoy the journey together than hiring a minibus is the way to travel. So, if your group consists of 6 to 16 people, you can hire a minibus and get your own personal driver for the day as well.

Going with a big group of people is always more fun, but actually being able to travel with each other in the same vehicle, is even better. You can share your experience together, chat, listen to music or even watch a movie on TV. Whatever you choose to do on your journey it will be one to remember, knowing that all your travel arrangements have been taken care of without the stress.

You will save money hiring the one minibus, than having to fuel more than one car. When going separately you can run the risk of losing someone along the way, adding to the stress and making your day out miserable. Hiring a minibus, and being altogether can avoid all this upset so you can have something to remember.

People are using minibuses for all sorts of things these days; they are not only available for day trips and holiday destinations. You can hire a minibus to get you to work, a conference or even a business meeting. Pooling together to pay for a minibus can be a lot cheaper than using your own transport.

Always do your research before hiring a minibus, especially when it comes to drivers. They must have a bus driver’s licence, so a person who drives a car everyday will be driving illegally. Plus, the drivers are scrutinised for their safety, customer relations, knowledge and experience of their driving and CRB checked. So, letting the company provide the driver with the minibus hire, is definitely the best option.

If you do own a bus driver’s licence, there are places where you can rent buses out for your own personal use. Why would you want to do this if you are going out for some fun? They can be a lot more expensive that hiring a minibus with its own driver, because the charges will be based on distances and how long you actually want to hire the vehicle for.

When travelling to a holiday destination, make sure that the minibus has facilities to store your luggage. If you are planning a camping trip, some companies have trailers that can be fixed to the back of the vehicles, which are ideal for these situations. Companies that provide a minibus service have thought of everything these days, but make sure you do check out their reputation and credentials before hiring.